Twin Rivers Regional Medical Center to Consolidate with Poplar Bluff Regional Medical Center
The human body is a complex mechanism that functions according to its own regime. Some people experience the urge to urinate 4-5 times a day. Others-rush to the toilet every 2-3 hours. For some, the daily morning stool is considered the norm. Others-empty the intestines twice a day or once every 2 days. What is considered normal and what is considered a deviation? What pathologies can indicate an increase or decrease in urination and defecation? How many times should a person normally go to the toilet?
The natural work of the body
The functioning of the urinary and gastrointestinal systems depends on many factors. Among them are:
food (drinks, food);
amount of water consumed;
age and condition of the person.
Despite the many factors that can affect the frequency of toilet visits, there are certain norms of daily urination and defecation. It is within these limits that a healthy body functions.
What is the accepted rate of urination? Doctors believe that adults should visit the toilet on average 4-8 times a day. At the same time, up to 10 urinations per day are considered the norm for women.
Sometimes the urge to go to the toilet can occur at night. If a person visited the toilet once a night, it is not considered a pathology. More frequent urination during sleep, especially if there are other unpleasant symptoms, indicates the development of diseases in the body.
The rate of bowel emptying
During defecation, harmful components are eliminated from the digestive tract. If the bowel movement does not occur in a timely manner, then the poisons and toxins accumulated in the feces begin to poison the entire body. Therefore, it is important to monitor the process of defecation, to know how often it is recommended to go to the toilet, to understand the indicators of the norm and deviations of this process.
Adults usually empty their intestines 1-2 times a day. The process of defecation can occur daily or every other day. If a person feels comfortable, then this frequency is considered the norm.
In some people, the process of emptying the intestine occurs once every 3 days. If a person does not experience discomfort and does not suffer from any pathologies of the digestive system, then this frequency is also considered the norm.
What are the deviations of urination?
You can only talk about a deviation if a person who previously visited the toilet 6 times a day began to urinate 10-12 times or 2-3 times a day. You can only compare the current indicators with your own rhythm of emptying the bladder.
Normally, the number of urinations should not exceed 10 times. If the urges occur more often, then we can assume the development of pathologies in the body. However, frequent urination does not always indicate diseases.
Frequent emptying of the bladder can provoke such moments:
the use of drinks that have a diuretic effect (cranberry juice, cranberry juice, compote of viburnum, green tea);
hypothermia of the body;
the use of drugs with diuretic properties;
the end of the menstrual cycle.
Mandatory medical attention is required if frequent urination is accompanied by a number of unpleasant symptoms, such as:
burning sensation, pain during urination;
unpleasant smell of urine;
changing the color of the urine;
the presence of purulent inclusions, mucus or blood in the urine.
Increased urinary excretion can provoke various pathologies:
1. Diseases of the urinary system. Most often, the culprits are infectious and inflammatory processes occurring in the urinary system. Increased urination may be caused by:
2. Endocrine diseases. Insufficient or excessive production of certain hormones may be accompanied by an increase in the urge. This is usually observed when:
hyperaldosteronism (excessive synthesis of the hormone aldosterone by the adrenal glands);
hyperparathyroidism (increased production of parathyroid hormone by the parathyroid glands).
3. Gynecological diseases. The urinary system is closely related to the reproductive system. That is why many disorders in gynecology are accompanied by frequent urge to urinate. The increase in frequency can be triggered by:
cysts, tumors of the uterus, ovaries;
infectious and inflammatory processes (adnexitis, oophoritis, endometritis);
prolapse of the uterus.
Andrological diseases. The following pathologies can provoke increased urination in men:
prostate adenoma (this is a benign tumor);
If the reasons for frequent trips to the toilet are caused by developing diseases, then a person will face not only an increase in urge, but also a whole “bouquet” of other symptoms.
Reduction of urination
If the amount of daily urine is sharply reduced, then most often the causes of such a violation are hidden in the following conditions and diseases:
insufficient water consumption;
dehydration as a result of prolonged diarrhea;
soft tissue swelling;
Deviations of the defecation process
Normally, the stool can be observed from 2 times a day to 1 time in 3 days, provided that you feel normal. Pathology is any deviation from the individual mode of bowel emptying.
The reduction of the process, in which the act of defecation is delayed for 1-2 days, is called constipation, and the increase in frequency with the characteristic softening of feces – diarrhea or diarrhea.
Causes of constipation
The following reasons may be at the heart of the reduction in bowel movement:
1. The wrong way of life. Provoke the appearance of constipation can:
irrational nutrition, diets;
insufficient water consumption;
2. Medical preparations. Taking certain medications can lead to constipation. The following medications have such side effects:
means that reduce the acidity of the stomach;
antihypertensive medications (for high blood pressure);
narcotic drugs (including those containing codeine).
3. Organic disorders. Constipation occurs as a result of congenital or acquired bowel abnormalities. The reasons for the reduction of defecation may be hidden in the development of such diseases:
pinching of the intestine;
inflammatory processes in the intestinal tract;
4. Functional disorders. Constipation is often associated with the psychoemotional sphere of a person.
The following reasons may be at the heart of the reduction in bowel movement
dyskinesia (atonic or spastic);
irritable bowel syndrome;
thyroid lesions of an autoimmune nature;
Increased frequency of defecation
The appearance of diarrhea leads to excessive addiction to products that have a laxative effect (plums, apricots). Do not forget about medicines. Improper administration of antibiotics can cause severe diarrhea. Sometimes diarrhea occurs when the body is poisoned.
Frequent trips to the toilet can be triggered by more serious reasons:
Crohn’s disease (an inflammatory process that occurs in the intestine);
Any disorders in the body require the intervention of doctors. Self-diagnosis and selection of treatment is strictly prohibited. After all, it is this “independence” that most often leads to the development of severe complications, sometimes even irreversible.