Care for cancer patients

Oncology is an excessive proliferation of cells in the human body, which leads to benign and malignant tumors in individual organs. Benign — almost do not grow, are not prone to metastasis and have good prognoses of recovery. Malignant tumors increase in size, grow into the surrounding tissues, organs, causing cancer. Most of the malignant tumors detected at an early stage are treatable. This requires a strong-willed attitude of the patient himself, the choice of effective measures, proper patient care.

Care for cancer patients

How to help a cancer patient

The classical triad in medicine for oncology is surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

In addition to this, other techniques are used that save or significantly prolong the patient’s life, relieve pain symptoms. Following the doctor’s instructions is mandatory. The main treatment of oncology takes place in a hospital, after which the patient is sent home. Here, relatives should provide him with good care.

Proper nutrition

Food reduces the risk of formation and development of cancer cells. The therapeutic diet stimulates the immune system, normalizes metabolic processes, accelerates the cleansing of the body and gives strength for recovery.

Care for cancer patients

General rules of nutrition for cancer patients:

  • animal fats, smoked meats, pickles, fatty, spicy, canned foods are excluded from the diet. The food should be freshly prepared, not hot and not cold;
  • healthy food rich in vitamins, proteins. Cabbage of all kinds has anti-cancer properties. A high content of vitamin C increases immunity, blocks the development of a tumor. Tomatoes are very useful. Lycopene contained in ripe tomatoes actively protects against carcinogens. Fresh vegetables with olive oil prevents the growth of tumors and the development of metastases;
  • the amount of food is 4-6 times a day in small portions. Since the appetite of the cancer patient decreases, it is desirable to make the menu more diverse.

With cancer of the digestive tract, the patient is fed low-fat cottage cheese, boiled fish, weak broths, steamed minced meat dishes. It is better to give vegetables and fruits crushed or ground. With inoperable forms and obstruction of solid food, liquid porridges, pureed soups, vegetable purees are needed.

For each form of oncology, special nutrition is provided, which the attending physician will tell you about.

Care for cancer patients

Features of care

Physical malaise affects the patient’s psyche, which becomes more vulnerable. This should be taken into account when caring for cancer patients.

Weakness and depressed general condition causes stress in a person. A ward with cancer will be helped by moral support, a calm discussion of the current situation, a mindset to fight and a positive result. It is necessary to direct efforts to prevent complications, unpleasant sensations in case of limited mobility. Short walks are shown (but not in the bright sun), frequent ventilation of the premises. The influx of fresh air gives strength for recovery.

Boarding house for people with cancer

It is important to provide the oncological patient with activity, to inspire him with confidence in his abilities, for what:

  • help him to perform hygiene procedures on his own;
  • convince them of the need to eat and drink;
  • do not leave the ward unattended while eating;
  • show friendly participation, encourage, but do not force anything to do. He must want it himself.

Physical comfort is no less important in the care of cancer patients. For example, if metastases have affected the spine, the patient is prescribed bed rest. To avoid bone fractures, the formation of bedsores, a wooden shield is placed under the mattress.

Cancer patients need not to miss scheduled medical examinations, take tests. It is recommended to weigh it regularly. Weight loss indicates the progression of the disease. Systematic measurement of temperature will help to identify the condition of the tumor, the body’s reaction to radiation. The measurement results are recorded in a diary. All changes are reported to the attending physician.

During the course of chemotherapy, the composition of the blood changes. A person becomes susceptible to various bacteria. To minimize the risk, the patient needs a special diet, sterile cleanliness, and a reduction in the frequency of contacts with sources of infection. More detailed recommendations should be given by the attending physician.

How to relieve pain symptoms in cancer patients

Cancer is accompanied by pain that appears periodically or torments constantly. An acute pain symptom occurs when tissues are damaged. As they heal, it decreases in 3-6 months. If the damage does not heal, the pain becomes chronic.

You can relieve an attack of pain with the help of medications. To do this, the doctor draws up a scheme for taking analgesics.

1

As a rule, with systematic pain, the patient is given an anesthetic in combination with sedative drugs. Reception — before going to bed. If necessary, an extraordinary dose of analgesic is given at night.

A number of medications at the beginning of taking increase weakness, cause drowsiness. After 5 days, the condition stabilizes. If the side effects do not go away, the doctor prescribes another drug or changes the dose. Constipation may occur while taking analgesics. The problem won’t go away by itself. The patient needs urgent medical help.

It is advisable to keep a diary in which to note the date, time of taking the medication, the effect. This will allow you to more accurately adjust the anesthesia regimen.

Tablets, unless otherwise specified in the instructions, are taken after meals. This reduces their irritating effect on the gastric mucosa.

Together with medicinal methods of pain relief are shown:

  • light massage of hands, feet, whole body;
  • soft stroking over the place of localization of pain;
  • dry cold or warm. It is applied to a painful area;
  • maximum physical activity. It is necessary to find an interesting occupation or work for the patient, which will allow to remove the muscle clamp, frenzy, distracts the brain from the pain sensation;
  • regular performance of muscle relaxation exercises.

Communication with pleasant people, beloved pets, creative activity is an important component of any cancer treatment. Make sure that the patient does not fall into depression, complains less. Help him enjoy every day.

2

Psychological well-being and adequate measures in oncology increase life expectancy and improve its quality.

A cancer patient needs constant monitoring, especially in the last stage, when he cannot serve himself.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.