What is psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a skin disease, the nature of which is not fully understood. First of all, psoriasis appears on the elbows, knees and hands. But it can also spread to the scalp, nails and even internal organs.

What is psoriasis?

Medical research aimed at studying the nature of psoriasis has shown that the disease has a clearly traceable genetic nature. However, it is not the disease itself that is inherited, but only the predisposition to its occurrence. Psoriasis, like other dermatological diseases, primarily affects the skin.

At first, small redness appears on the surface, which can later merge into a single large spot. The main distinguishing feature of psoriasis from other skin diseases is its non-contagiousness. People with psoriasis can work in catering, visit swimming pools and not limit their communication with others, since this disease is not transmitted by contact method. There is no pathogen that has been proven to be the cause of psoriasis.

The mechanism of plaque formation originates in a violation of cell division processes that occurred at the gene level. To understand why this happens, you need to understand how the cell layer is updated normally. The layer of the superficial epidermis consists of cells called keratinocytes. They produce the protein keratin, which protects the skin from the adverse effects of the external environment.

Symptoms of psoriasis

The keratinocyte cell begins its life path deep in the epidermis. It needs to mature during the time it moves to the upper layer. Approaching the surface, it acquires all its properties and replaces the dead cell that appeared here before it. The dead cell forms a keratinized scale and disappears. This is how the skin renewal process takes place. The path of keratinocytes from the depth of the epidermis to its surface normally takes about a month. With psoriasis, this period is violated and is only about 4 days. Rapidly maturing cells tend to the surface, where the previous ones have not yet had time to become keratinized and move away. For this reason, growths from dead cells appear on the skin, which are characterized by severe peeling.

Against the background of constantly peeling skin, itching occurs, and with it redness. Deeper layers begin to react to this, causing irritation and an inflammatory reaction. Puffiness appears, affecting not only the cellular layer of the skin, but also nearby vessels and nerves.

The occurrence of psoriasis is influenced by a hereditary predisposition, but the following factors may be the decisive impetus triggering the mechanism of disruption of cell division processes:

  • severe or chronic stress;
  • the defeat of the body by an infectious disease;
  • deep injuries of the skin;
  • changes in hormone levels;
  • change of the climate zone of permanent residence.

These factors can become both a starting point that gave an impetus to the appearance of the first symptoms of psoriasis, and serve as reasons for the aggravation of the disease that has already arisen.

Symptoms of psoriasis

The main signs of psoriasis include:

  • strong tightening sensation at the site of inflammation;
  • rashes on the skin, merging together;
  • itching at the site of inflammation.

Psoriasis is characterized by a certain localization of the foci of the rash, but this does not exclude its appearance in other parts of the body. Most often psoriasis occurs on:

  • elbows;
  • knees;
  • along the hairline on the head;
  • lower back;
  • palms (including the back side);
  • groin area.

Due to the fact that the plaques, in addition to a high number of cellular scales, also contain an abundant capillary mesh, itching becomes a real problem for the patient. Unsuccessfully scratching an inflamed place, you can provoke bleeding, which will be difficult to stop. For the same reason, you should try not to accidentally injure the affected areas of the skin in everyday life. Doctors offer to buy a package of textile sterile patches of different sizes and shapes, in order, if necessary, to close the injured part from contamination and at the same time protect clothing and household items from blood stains.

Complex varieties of psoriasis

There are several types of the disease, including:

  • Teardrop-shaped psoriasis. It occurs, as a rule, in adolescents and young children against the background of infection with a bacterial infection of the throat, for example, after a sore throat. Small red plaques with scales appear on the body, about 1 cm in size. They usually cover the back and chest. after six months, these scales will disappear completely. But this situation will be the impetus for the manifestation of the classic form of the disease.
  • Pustular psoriasis. A rare form that affects adults. Can be life-threatening. It begins with a lesion of the palms — bubble formations contain pus. At the same time, there is a thickening of the skin, it begins to peel off. In severe form, the rash spreads throughout the body.
  • Psoriatic arthritis. This is a dangerous form of the disease, in which the joints are affected. Most often, small joints on the fingers, hands and feet are susceptible to psoriatic arthritis.

There is no medicine that could be bought at a pharmacy and get rid of the problem. Treatment of psoriasis is always a whole range of measures aimed at improving the quality of life of the patient.

Methods of treatment of psoriasis

To cure psoriasis, which has reached a severe form, only an experienced doctor using a versatile diagnosis can. Patients should remember that the sooner they seek qualified help, the higher the chances of getting clean skin.

Methods of treatment of psoriasis

On the recommendation of a doctor, it will be necessary to order a number of drugs at the pharmacy, among which there will be both systemic drugs and local ones. Acting in a complex way, they are able to reduce the severity of symptoms and gradually negate inflammation.

In addition, it is very important for psoriasis to follow the rules of eating behavior and exclude:

  • sharp;
  • salty;
  • pickled;
  • alcoholic beverages;
  • smoked meats;
  • fatty foods;
  • excessive amount of sweet.

Only following the doctor’s recommendations will it be possible to get rid of the problem, but you will have to get used to a sparing diet in order not to provoke new relapses of the disease, since it is impossible to get rid of the genetic predisposition.

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