Increased heart rate at normal pressure

Tachycardia, which is characterized by palpitations, often has nothing to do with blood pressure. A high pulse at normal pressure, if it persists for a long time or occurs with a certain frequency, indicates the development of serious pathologies. To determine the cause and make an accurate diagnosis, you should undergo a full examination.

Physiological causes

An increased pulse can occur for various physiological reasons. In this case, there are no serious threats to human health. Most often, an increase in indicators is noted with intense physical exertion, which does not correspond to the age and capabilities of a particular person. For example, the pulse rate increases in people without adequate physical training after climbing stairs or lifting heavy loads.

Physiological causes

Also, a high pulse is caused by mental stress. This condition is often noted by students when preparing for serious exams or by employees of enterprises before signing important documents. Any stressful situations and unstable emotional situation can cause an increased heartbeat against the background of normal pressure. In such cases, the occurrence of internal anxiety, sleep disorders is additionally noted, and in severe cases, panic attacks occur.

Other common causes of a physiological nature:

  • Climatic conditions. In particular, the heat is often the provoking factor. Against this background, the concentration of oxygen in the blood decreases, so the heart begins to pump hematological fluid through the vessels faster in order to prevent hypoxia.
  • The use of a large number of drinks with tonic properties. First of all, they include tea and coffee.
  • Smoking, alcohol intake and drug use. Against the background of harmful addictions, there is a narrowing of blood vessels and a violation of blood flow. This increases the load on the cardiovascular system.

Pathological causes

A rapid pulse can be noted against the background of normal blood pressure in congenital and acquired heart defects. These pathological conditions are characterized by a variety of manifestations and have different degrees of danger. In most cases, the problem can only be eliminated surgically.

Another common cause of rapid pulse associated with the development of cardiac pathologies are inflammatory diseases that affect the structure of the heart muscle. These are myocarditis, endocarditis, rheumatism, etc. Without appropriate therapy, these diseases are life-threatening.

A rapid pulse also occurs for the following pathological extra – cardiac reasons:

  • Dehydration. With a large loss of fluid by the body, blood thickens. This increases the load on the heart muscle, which causes it to contract more intensively.
  • Infectious diseases. With an increase in temperature, intoxication of the body occurs. In order to quickly remove harmful substances from the body and normalize the condition, the heart begins to pump blood faster.
  • Neurotic diseases. The remote control increases in such cases due to the release of a large amount of stress hormones.
  • Hormonal disorders. As a rule, they are associated with a violation of the thyroid gland and adrenal glands. An increased amount of hormones leads to intoxication of the body. Against this background, the heart muscle begins to work more intensively.
  • The occurrence of severe bleeding. This is due to a violation of the volume of blood circulating in the body. To provide the tissues with the necessary amount of nutrients and oxygen, it is necessary to accelerate the pumping of hematological fluid through the vessels.
  • Anemia. Most often, an increased pulse rate is noted with iron deficiency anemia. Additionally, increased fatigue with minimal physical exertion and deterioration of the skin and nails are noted.

Pathological causes

Danger

Tachycardia is a dangerous condition. Great threats to health, and, sometimes, to life, arise when an increased heartbeat (more than 100 beats per minute) persists for a long time. In this case, the probability of cardiac arrest increases. Therefore, it is important to know why there is a high pulse at normal pressure and what to do to stabilize the condition.

With tachycardia, there are risks of disruption of metabolic processes, which can provoke the development of immunodeficiency and cause other negative consequences. Very often, fainting regularly occurs against the background of tachycardia. This can lead to injury. Also, a pathological condition can provoke a heart attack and increases the risk of thromboembolism.

Diagnosis and treatment

Since the rapid pulse may have different causes, it is necessary to undergo diagnostics in order to carry out the correct treatment of tachycardia at normal pressure. To do this, you should visit a cardiologist.

First, the doctor talks with the patient in order to collect anamnesis. It is mandatory to measure blood pressure during the examination in order to confirm compliance with regulatory indicators. After that, electrocardiography is prescribed. This study is considered the most informative when it is necessary to determine the causes of tachycardia. Additionally, if necessary, according to the available indications, other specialized studies may be prescribed.

Now, in practice, various methods are used to treat tachycardia at home in accordance with the diagnosis. Therapy is always prescribed by the doctor on an individual basis, taking into account the patient’s condition. The main goal is to eliminate the diagnosed pathological process in the body.

For symptomatic treatment in order to reduce the pulse, special medications are prescribed. They can now be bought in pharmacies at an affordable price. In severe cases, surgical treatment is indicated.

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